During the fight for American Independence, the first recorded citizen sailors served with the Navy, their brothers in arms, at sea. Though their numbers were initially small, they sextupled in size when President Abraham Lincoln called on men to serve alongside the Navy in the Civil War. Six civilian volunteers earned the Medal of Honor for their services. Despite their many acts of service over the years, the reserve Navy source only attained official status when Massachusetts arranged a battalion as a division of the state Navy militia in 1888. Thanks to Josephus Daniels, a secretary of the Navy, and his then assistant Franklin D. Roosevelt, the US Navy Reserve Force came into legally recognized existence on March 3, 1915.
Since legal recognition, the Navy Reserve has expanded in numbers into the millions, serving in both the United States and overseas. They have assisted in operations such Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, and responded to situations such as September 11, 2001. People who join the Reserve recognize an unfulfilled need in their civilian lives, and they find this need satisfied when serving their country.
The US Navy Reserve does not require prior military experience for admittance. Recruits come from all walks in life, including officers and enlisted men and women currently serving active duty as well as young men and women who recently graduated high school. The experience and education level of individuals will determine their admittance process and rank insignia.
Men and women, between the ages of 18 and 39, without a military background require a high school diploma or equivalent, US citizenship, and the ability to pass a physical exam in order to enter. Those with a four year college degree qualify for officer training.
Currently active military men and women, from all military branches including the Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps, as well as military veterans can apply through the NAVET program, OSVET program, or the Interservice Transfer Program. The RESCORE-R (Recruiting Selective Conversion Reenlistment-Reserve) program is solely for military veterans who do not qualify for reenlistment. And only officers, men and women with college degrees, can speak to a Navy Reserve Recruiter for a direct appointment into an area of their expertise.
If admitted, the recruitments will train at one of the training sites located all over the United States. To control the training sites and keep records on the recruitments, the Navy Reserve created a Reserve Readiness Command Headquarters for every US region, encompassing the Northwest, Southwest, Mid-West, Southeast and Mid-Atlantic. These institutions assist recruitments in finding the training location nearest their civilian homes.
Once through training, the recruitments will fall into one of three components. These include Ready Reserve, Standby Reserve, and Retired Reserve-Inactive. The Ready Reserve also breaks down into two sections: Selected Reserve and Individual Ready Reserve. In the Selected Reserve, individuals perform duties similar to Active Duty individuals, and are the first called to serve when needed. Individual Ready Reserve individuals receive pay and benefits if they volunteer for Active Duty services, but otherwise perform military activities without compensation.
Careers differ amongst enlistees and officers. Enlisted individuals can serve in arts and photography, information technology, aviation, business management, religion and much more. Officers can choose from aviation, science, intelligence and other desirable positions. Like in Active Duty, every career has room for advancement, and every career gives individuals experience they can use in the civilian world.
Consider joining the US Navy Reserve Force. In serving America in challenging and fun ways, individuals will encounter adventures here which citizens in 9 to 5 jobs only dream about.
Find more information,visit http://ra.defense.gov/html/sailor_of_year.html